DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVIATIONS 137 €. & P. Cost and freight. C. & L Cost and insurance. Caveat Emptor. Let the buyer beware. The purchaser must ascertain the state and condition of the goods before he makes the purchase, C.C. Civil commotion. Cesser clause. This clause relieves the charterer from liability after loading of cargo, and payment of freight, dead freight, and demurrage. C.F.O. Calling for orders. Charter-party. A contract between shipowner and charterer for the carriage of goods, or hire of vessel, for a period of time. C.IJF. Cost, insurance, and freight. CJ.F.C.L Cost, insurance, freight, commission, and interest. C.I.F.L.T. Cost, insurance, freight, London terms. e. ft. Cubic feet, 40 c. ft. being the basis of a freight ton. Clearance. Official permission from customs officer for a vessel to leave port when all dues have been paid, and all formalities observed. Clear days. Time to be reckoned exclusive of the first and last days. Complement. The number of crew employed upon a vessel for its safe navigation. Consign. To send goods from one place to another. Consignor. The person who consigns or forwards the goods. Consignee. The person to whom the goods are sent. Consul. The commercial representative of one nation residing officially in another country, to facilitate business relations between the two countries. Consulate. Duty paid to a consul for protection of goods. Cost. B/H Continent, Bordeaux-Hamburg range. Cont. H/H Continent, Havre-Hamburg range. Contraband. Goods smuggled into a country avoiding duty. C.p.d. Charterers pay dues. C.T.L. Constructive total loss. c.t.i.o. Constructive total loss only. D.B.B. Deals, boards, and battens. B.C. Deviation clause. dd* Delivered. Deadweight. Freight paid for space booked but not used. Deck load. Cargo carried upon deck. Del credere. An agreement by which an agent when he sells goods on credit for aa additional commission, guarantees solvency of the buyer, and his performance of the contract. Demurrage. Compensation paid to shipowner for delay of a vessel beyond the stipulated time in charter-party for loading or discharge. Deviation. Departure from the set or agreed course of the voyage. Dirty money. Extra payment to labourers for fra-ndTing goods of an objectionable nature. Dispatch money. Bonus paid to charterer for loading a vessel in less time than stipulated in charter-party. dp. Direct port. Drawback* Allowance granted by Government to encourage the exportation of certain articles, or a return of duty paid on certain articles. Breakage. The option of shipping general cargo under a grain charter-party. Freight to be paid at the same rate as grain, bnt all extra charges incurred to be for account of the charterers.